Hemp oil is an alternative name used to describe CBD oil. In other words, hemp oil and CBD oil are precisely the same things. There are, however, different types of hemp or CBD oil.
If we had to choose between two terms, we'd probably go with CBD oil as it's perhaps the most precise and accurate description of the product. Hemp oil merely implies that the oil extracted is sourced from hemp, not necessarily CBD. However, hemp oil will always contain CBD because the hemp plant carries large amounts of CBD within its body.
CBD is one of a total of 113+ cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. There are two main types of cannabis plants; hemp and marijuana. Marijuana contains CBD as well but also contains large amounts of THC, meaning that marijuana is usually psychoactive. Hence, it's typically illegal. On the other hand, hemp contains larger CBD quantities and does not hold more than 0.3% THC, making it a nonpsychoactive flower.
CBD Oil uses the stalks, leaves, and flowers of the hemp plant as a source. These are the parts of the plant that contain the most CBD. It's a fair guess that most of the CBD oils in the market extract from hemp sources; if not, the brand is usually required to let the consumer know beforehand. This reason is why you may also refer to CBD oil as hemp oil, regardless of how unspecific the latter term might sound.
What is hemp seed oil?
This product is entirely different. While hemp oil and CBD oil are extracted from the stalks, leaves, and flowers, the hemp seed oil is removed from the plant's seeds rather than the body of the plant itself. However, this is not the only difference between CBD and hemp seed oil.
The hemp seed oil has no trace amounts of CBD because CBD develops within the plants through chemical reactions and externally triggered processes. While hemp seed oil does not carry any CBD, it is still a functional product with nutrients, fatty acids, and other beneficial bioactive compounds.
To summarize, the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil is absolutely none. Both terms are different ways to refer to the same article. On the other hand, the difference between CBD oil and hemp seed oil lies in the final product's source and contents.
Hemp Seed Oil
As discussed above, Hemp Seed Oil is extracted from the plant's seeds rather than the flower, leaf, and stalk. CBD and any other cannabinoid (i.e., THC, CBG, etc.) in hemp seed oil are limited or absent. Hemp oil typically contains a large portion of Omega-6, Omega-3 in a 3:1 ratio. The proportion of the contents may vary from brand to brand and may depend on the extraction process utilized to produce the oil. This formulation makes for an utterly non-psychoactive product.
How is it made?
Industrial processes are greatly automatized and influenced by cost. We’ll summarize the process in general terms, but like the well-finished formulation, the extraction process will also vary depending on the farm and brand.
All extraction processes involve a seed press machine. The press machine may be one of two kinds; a traditional screw press or a reducing screw design.
Traditional Method: Step-by-Step
- Pour seeds into the seed hopper.
- Crush the seed with the pressing screw.
- The oil will then run through the canals, and the residue will be separated.
- Scoop up the oil at the bottom of the press.
This method makes for an unprocessed raw oil. The traditional approach can also be made at home with proper equipment and methodology.
Hemp seed oil is a non-recreational product that provides no psychoactive effects whatsoever. Because of its great fatty acid content, people use hemp seed oil as a source of anti-oxidants and auto-immune boosting effects.
Hemp seed oil can be consumed orally or topically. When ingested the goals of consuming hemp seed oil are usually related to immune-boosting purposes. When applied topically the applications are related to beauty and skincare.
Anecdotal evidence is enough for researchers to grant hemp seed oil with potential improvements over cholesterol and triglyceride levels. However, clinical research is not enough to result in definitive evidence.
Hemp seed oil also works as an excellent source of nutrients when included in edibles. Its amino acid and fatty acid-rich profile may also result in constipation relief, cardiovascular health benefits, and positive effects on the skin.
Risks and Side Effects
The research needed to confirm the benefits of the hemp seed oil is not available now, implying a risk that you will not benefit from hemp seed oil as expected. Different users will also react differently to the substance, so it’s essential to bear in mind that not everyone will have the same experience with hemp seed oil.
A common side effect is a gastrointestinal distress, but one quickly corrected with a dose change. Common practice prompts us to start with a low dose and slowly work ourselves up to a more potent dose.
CBD content is high, while THC content is kept to a maximum of 0.3% per unit of dry weight (considered a negligible amount for most subjects). The contents of CBD oil will depend on the type of CBD oil you purchase; full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or CBD isolate. But regardless of the spectrum of CBD oil you use, they are all non-psychoactive.
- Full-Spectrum CBD Oil: Made with a mix of terpenes, flavonoids, and all cannabinoids while keeping THC levels to a maximum of 0.3%
- Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil: Made with a mix of terpenes, flavonoids, and all cannabinoids except THC. Unlike Full-Spectrum oil, Broad-Spectrum oil contains 0% THC
- CBD Isolate: Contains only CBD.
This does not mean that CBD oil can’t be used as a recreational substance. Regardless of its non-psychoactive profile, CBD oil may provide deep feelings of relaxation and focus. But unlike psychoactive substances, CBD allows you to keep a clear and unfoggy mind.
How is it made?
Extractors will take the stem, leaf, and flower, then expose it to intense pressure and temperature. The extraction methods of CBD are almost endless and may be as simple as submitting the plant to heat and pressure or dipping it in solvents and then submitting the substance to a process that extracts the end product's solvents.
While the evidence is far from conclusive, the situation is similar to that of hemp seed oil. There are countless anecdotes and consumer stories that have prompted an equally vast number of potential benefits.
But while the evidence is not conclusive, this does not mean that there isn’t clinical evidence that supports the potential benefits of CBD in the body.
Due to how CBD interacts with the body and fundamental bodily functions, some believe it can positively affect bodily functions when consumed. What is left to be determined is the way it affects these functions.
Risks and Side Effects
Research suggests that CBD is mostly safe and has minor side effects. Of course, this will depend on the user's individual and specific pre-existing conditions, size, weight, dose consumed, and other factors.
Unwanted side effects may include drowsiness, gastrointestinal distress, appetite changes, and elevated liver function tests.
Perhaps the most critical risk factor is not purchasing from a reliable source. We recommend buying only from manufacturers that use natural ingredients, have organic certifications on their products, have submitted the product to pesticide and herbicide testing, and accurately confirm their product's potency.