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CBD and Health CBD Benefits

Does CBD Have an Effect Over Spastic Muscles?

As the knowledge on CBD continues to grow, the list of symptoms it could affect keeps on growing with it. As unbelievable as it might sound, there is evidence to back up some of those claims.

We can’t promise that CBD will help you cope with certain specific symptoms, but we can say that it has helped tons of different people to do so. It’s just a question of understanding if CBD does the same for you or not.

One of those symptoms is muscle spasticity, which we’ll analyze in detail down below.

What is CBD & How Does It Work?

The cannabis plant is composed of a long list of compounds. Terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids make up this list.

Cannabinoids being the main component found in any cannabis plant. In effect, cannabinoids are the reason why hemp and marijuana are so popular.

It is cannabinoids that give the cannabis plant its main properties and supply its effects on the body. Without cannabinoids, there is no relaxation, euphoria, or any other reason why you would consume cannabis.

The list of cannabinoids is long. It contains over 113+ components, and it seems like it just keeps growing as scientists continue to receive funding to study cannabis.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the only psychoactive cannabinoid and is predominantly found in marijuana.

Marijuana is not the only type of cannabis plant. There is also hemp.

Hemp is a non-psychoactive cannabis plant with very low (or none at all) trace amounts of THC, which is one of the reasons why hemp is federally legal.

On the other hand, hemp contains a high amount of CBD. This is one of the main reasons why CBD has become so popular in the market, but it’s not the only one.

CBD has been shown to have positive effects on an array of symptoms from multiple medical conditions. Including muscle spasticity, which has popularized the use of CBD oil for spasticity.

CBD and Multiple Sclerosis

The origin or cause of multiple sclerosis (MS) is not entirely clear.

However, scientists believe that MS is an autoimmune disorder that affects the entire body through the brain and central nervous system.

While the immune system protects the body from viruses and other health threats, autoimmune disease is when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks it.

While autoimmunity is not necessarily a cause for cancer, it is believed that a high percentage of certain cancer patients have an autoimmune disorder of some kind. 

Autoimmune diseases have also been linked to an increased risk of cancer in general.

In multiple sclerosis specifically, the immune system attacks the myelin sheath that surrounds and protects nerve fibers. This 'attack' causes inflammation and affects myelin's ability to help the nerves conduct electrical signals within the body.

CBD and sultiple sclerosis

When this so-called 'myelin sheath' gets damaged, it becomes scar tissue—giving a reason to the name 'multiple sclerosis,' which means having scar tissue in various areas of the body.

The body's damaged areas may include areas such as the brain, spinal cord, optic nerves, and regions of the brain related explicitly to movement and balance coordination.

Because the body is now covered in lesions, the electrical impulses that the brain sends do not flow as they should to the target nerve. Making it very difficult for the body to perform natural bodily functions.

These lesions may cause many symptoms, but among the most common are intense muscle spasms that may cause pain and discomfort.

So what is the actual relationship between CBD and multiple sclerosis?

The fact is that CBD cannot be considered a direct treatment for any medical condition.

There are only a handful of approved CBD prescription medications approved around the world. In the U.S., there is only one, and it is used for particular types of epileptic conditions.

In most of its presentations, CBD is considered only a supplement in the United States. We can only allude to the potential effects that CBD may have on symptoms rather than the condition itself.

In the case of multiple sclerosis, we are explicitly referring to muscle spasms.

CBD and Muscle Spasms

First, we need to understand that the only reason why CBD and muscle spasms continue to be mentioned together is that patients with diverse medical diagnoses that cause spastic muscle symptoms continue to look for alternative treatments.

We can refer to the research to understand further how CBD consumption associates with muscle spasticity.

A 2012 study aimed to prove or disprove the patient-based findings of previous studies that attempted to explain the relationship between Multiple Sclerosis and 

Cannabis Extracts. The study found that cannabis extracts showed evident superiority over placebos in treating MS-related muscle stiffness [1].

But muscle spasticity is not only related to MS. A variety of conditions can cause it, but the most commonly studied subject is MS.

A systematic review of several studies analyzed the effectiveness of cannabinoid treatment on muscle spasticity associated with MS and spinal cord injuries. It found that there is “substantial evidence that oral cannabinoids are an effective treatment for improving patient-reported multiple sclerosis spasticity symptoms”[2].

CBD and muscle pain

However, the same review suggests that there is limited evidence for an effect on clinician-measured spasticity. This means the results are to be considered promising but merely based on anecdotal evidence.

As for spinal cord injury-related spasticity, the review stated that the results are insufficient to confirm or deny their effect on the symptom.

In a 2014 study concerning specific neurological disorders, researchers found that oral cannabis extracts probably positively affect reducing MS-related spasticity over a year. This conclusion was made for both patient-centered and objective measures [3].

Many studies can create a potential link between CBD and muscle spasms, CBD and muscle recovery, & CBD and muscle pain. But none of these can be considered conclusive.

Nevertheless, the anecdotal evidence is still overwhelming and impossible to ignore.

CBD has helped hundreds of people cope with spastic muscle-related symptoms that stem from a wide variety of various medical conditions. 

Conclusion

CBD is a non-intoxicating component found in the cannabis plant. Most commonly extracted from hemp sources, which makes it completely legal in the U.S.

CBD has also been linked to a wide variety of potential benefits, including relief from muscle spasticity and other related symptoms. The research that may conclusively determine this is still ongoing, but the anecdotal evidence is overwhelming and highly positive.

Hemmfy articles and blogs are meant to entertain and educate. However, we are not medical professionals and do not intend to give medical advice through them.

The knowledge around CBD and other cannabis-derived products is growing and constantly changing, as does their legal status. Hence, we recommend checking with your local authorities and a licensed physician prior to consumption.

References

[1] Zajicek, J. P., Hobart, J. C., Slade, A., Barnes, D., & Mattison, P. G. (2012). MUltiple Sclerosis and Extract of Cannabis: results of the MUSEC trial. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 83(11), 1125–1132. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2012-302468

[2] Groce, E. (2018). The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research. Journal of Medical Regulation, 104(4), 32. https://doi.org/10.30770/2572-1852-104.4.32

[3] Koppel, B. S., Brust, J. C. M., Fife, T., Bronstein, J., Youssof, S., Gronseth, G., & Gloss, D. (2014). Systematic review: Efficacy and safety of medical marijuana in selected neurologic disorders: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology, 82(17), 1556–1563. https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0000000000000363

Simon Cartagena

Simon Cartagena is a full-time cannabis copywriter. This has led him to write for companies like Hemmfy.com where he acts as Senior Content Writer and other world-renowned cannabis publications. Simon has created Content Marketing strategies and articles that have helped company revenues increase by up to 1,000%. Simon’s goal is to help people understand cannabis in an industry where misinformation seems to be predominant.