Consuming CBD for the first time can be a bit overwhelming. The incredible amount of products and categories make it confusing.
But it’s not that hard to understand if you get a few minutes of reading done. We promise.
CBD is a type of cannabinoid, and there is only one. But the way CBD is extracted from hemp can change the composition of the extract obtained. Spectrums include Full and Broad categorizations of CBD and Isolate.
What is CBD Isolate?
CBD is one out of a total of 113+ cannabinoids identified in the cannabis plant so far
Cannabinoids are the single most characteristic type of compound found in cannabis. They are the reason why most cannabis consumers take to consuming cannabis-derived products.
CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Contrary to popular belief, only one identified psychoactive component in cannabis is identified to date (Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC for short).
All other cannabinoids aside from THC are non-psychoactive.
This means that any cannabis-derived product that does not contain THC or contains a negligible amount of the compound may be considered non-psychoactive as well.
But that doesn’t explain what CBD isolate is just yet.
As you would expect, cannabinoids are not found separately. They are located within the same plant, so they are mixed.
CBD isolate is a type of extract that only has CBD. It has 0% THC and no trace amounts of other components commonly found in cannabis like terpenes and flavonoids.
There are two other extract alternatives to CBD isolate, each containing different quantities of each compound; Full-Spectrum CBD and Broad-Spectrum CBD.
Like the other two extract alternatives, CBD isolate can be processed as a pure blend to make a tincture or diluted into a carrier oil base to make CBD oil. Before processing it to make a finished product, the substance is called an extract. When the product finishes, it is called a concentrate.
Concentrates can be anything from tinctures and oils to shatters and crumbles. All with different textures, flavors, consistencies and made from other types of extracts.
CBD Isolate: How to Use It
How you use CBD isolate in terms of application methods will depend on the type of concentrate you are purchasing. Edibles are consumed through the mouth and processed by the gastrointestinal system, while tinctures and oils are likely consumed sublingually and absorbed by the body through the glands on your gums, inner mouth, and particularly under your tongue.
The type of application method doesn’t necessarily define the product category the product belongs to. It only defines how it is consumed and absorbed by the body, but the application method can also be used to describe the product category itself in specific cases like ‘edibles’ and ‘topicals’.
Types of CBD consumption methods:
The sublingual application includes any CBD product placed under the tongue and left to be absorbed by the glands found in the mouth. In dog tinctures and oils, the product is usually rubbed on the pet’s gums.
Sublingual application is the product with the second most effective bioavailability and onset. Meaning it can be absorbed by the body efficiently and quickly. Sublingual products are meant for people who want to stay away from inhalation products like smoke or vapes but still want a product that works and can be processed efficiently.
Products with a higher bioavailability and faster onset are commonly used for symptoms that need immediate results, like pain relief. Sublinguals are widely delivered in tincture and oil formats.
Other products like mints and hard candy are considered hybrids as they could be consumed sublingually or edible. The same may happen with tinctures and oils that can be diluted in drinks.
Edible consumption describes any product that can be ingested as you would any food or drink. Drinks and foods both make part of this product category.
Once edibles are consumed, they have to make their way through the digestive system. This means that the digestive tract will break the edible down and pass it onto the liver. The liver will receive the components that make up the food and break down even further through the First Pass Metabolism process.
The first pass means that the body will absorb only a portion of the total CBD intake, and the rest will break down. This means edibles have a low bioavailability.
Consuming CBD via edibles also means that the compound is absorbed slowly, and onset usually takes 1 to 2 hours.
But why would anyone want to consume edibles? Well, for starters, they’re tasty and easier to get used to. Eating is something you do regularly, and for some people, other consumption methods might feel strange and unpleasant. Edibles are also a good way to get your planned CBD intake without feeling like you’re on a regimen, and in the case of pets, treats are much easier to get your dog to take than oils or pills.
Edibles can be used for a variety of symptoms. Due to the slower onset and lower bioavailability rate, they’re most commonly used to cope with symptoms of anxiety & depression or overall wellness.
There are dozens of different edibles, including all sorts of baked goods, candies, garnishes, spices, and much more.
Topicals are consumed by applying the product directly to the skin. The skin has pores that can absorb CBD and other components in the product. This is how muscle rubs and pain creams work. CBD topicals work the same.
By leaving the topical sitting on the body and rubbing it as instructed on the product label, the body will absorb its components. However, topical absorption is more often superficial, which means that CBD reaching the bloodstream through traditional topical application is not likely
There is a fairly new product in the cannabis industry called a ‘transdermal patch.’ Transdermal patches are designed to provide a deeper CBD penetration that allows the product to reach the bloodstream.
Topical absorption does not have the fastest onset out of all product categories, but it is very effective and is not broken down by the body. This means that topical bioavailability is among the highest out of all product categories.
Topical application also serves a different purpose than other categories do. Topicals can deliver localized effects, which means they act directly on the body's part where the CBD topical was applied. This makes topicals a great option for people looking to relieve physical pain.
Muscle creams and rubs do not only define CBD topicals. You can also find shampoos, soaps, and beauty products like face masks, serums, and moisturizing creams.
4. Inhalation (Vaping & Smoking)
Inhalation barely needs any explanation. You do it every 5 seconds or so, so it’s already a part of your life.
Which explains why it’s so popular for CBD product design. Inhalable CBD products are consumed by inhaling through the mouth and absorbed by lung tissue once the product reaches the organ.
Inhalation provides the fastest onset out of all CBD product categories and the highest bioavailability as well. But inhalable also comes with a series of cons, among which the most notorious is how fast inhalable products are consumed and the fact that you’ll be taking a foreign gas into your lungs.
Because of its quick absorption rate and efficient bioavailability, inhalable CBD is commonly used to cope with symptoms that need to be addressed quickly, like pain, insomnia, and symptoms of anxiety, and depression.
Inhalable products include all types of e-juices or vape juices, concentrates made for vaping or smoking like hash & oils, and traditional flower buds & flower sub-products like moon rocks.
CBD Isolate Effects & Potential Benefits [What is CBD Isolate Used For?]
CBD isolate uses are defined by the goals you set for yourself. Sure CBD has its own set of standard effects and benefits, but these will ultimately be defined by your tolerance, symptoms, and potency of the dose used.
CBD isolate effects have not been clinically proven and are largely anecdotal. the most regularly mentioned effects of CBD among frequent users include:
1. Anxiety Control
2. Analgesia or Pain Relief
3. Antiemetic Properties
4. Relief from Sleeplessness
5. Boost in Focus
6. Unwinding & Relaxing Effects
There are also various CBD side effects reported, but in most cases, these can be eliminated by adjusting the dose or discontinuing consumption. Common side effects of CBD include:
1. Gastrointestinal Distress
3. Sleepiness or Drowsiness
4. Changes in Appetite
CBD Isolate uses only CBD extract, so some of these symptoms may vary compared to Full-Spectrum or Full-Spectrum extracts.
How Is CBD Isolate Made?
CBD isolate and other extracts are made by taking the harvested hemp plant and using various extraction processes. Extraction can be solventless or solvent-based extraction.
Solvent-based extraction uses chemical solutions like alcohol to separate the plant's components and then evaporate the solution. Leaving only the extract. CBD Isolate is most commonly made with solvent-based extraction due to the difficulty of separating CBD from other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Solventless extraction is done by submitting the plant to high levels of pressure and changes in temperature. Most of the extracts that result from solventless extraction techniques are full-spectrum CBD extracts.
Can CBD Isolate Get You High?
CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, and as such, it should not and cannot get you high. Unless your CBD product has been dosed with additional psychoactive ingredients like THC, there is no risk of getting high.
CBD concentrates made with full-spectrum CBD extract have a negligible amount of THC (<0.3%), but this amount has not been known to provide intoxicating effects on adults.
Why CBD Isolate Instead of Other Spectrums?
CBD isolate effects and CBD isolate uses are not different from one extract spectrum to the next. However, some users claim that full-spectrum and broad-spectrum products provide a more balanced effect with additional benefits. This has yet to be proven by clinical studies.
CBD Isolate is one of three total CBD extract types and is the only one without any additional ingredients in it upon extraction. CBD can be used as a raw ingredient for other products, including various concentrates, edibles, topicals, and inhalable consumables. As a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, CBD cannot get you high’ unless the finished product has been dosed with additional psychoactive ingredients.