Isolate vs. Full-Spectrum vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil: Difference Explained
Learn the difference between CBD isolate, Full-Spectrum CBD, and Broad Spectrum CBD, and more.
Do you know the difference between CBD Isolate and Full-Spectrum CBD? This article covers everything you need to know about the different types of CBD available on the market.
You’ll learn about cannabinoids, terpenes, and what it means when a CBD product is labeled as Full- or Broad-Spectrum CBD.
Understanding the difference isn’t difficult and after reading this article you’ll know exactly how to pick the right type of CBD for your needs.
Cannabinoids and Terpenes
CBD, or cannabidiol, is just one of over 120 + naturally occurring compounds in Hemp. Most of these compounds are called cannabinoids and include CBD, THC, CBG, CBN, and others.
While there are dozens of unique cannabinoids in Hemp, the most prevalent active compounds are CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol).
Other important compounds found in Hemp include Terpenes. Terpenes are aromatic molecules found throughout nature and they give Hemp its iconic aromas and flavors.
Similar to cannabinoids, terpenes also have unique and diverse properties with potential health benefits such as relaxation, stimulation, increased appetite and focus, and much more.
Keep reading to learn how cannabinoids and terpenes interact and why it matters when it comes to finding relief with CBD.
What is CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is exactly that – isolated cannabidiol compound. Comprised purely of cannabidiol, consumer products formulated with CBD isolate do not contain secondary cannabinoids or terpenes.
Isolate can be a powerful tool. Many isolate-based CBD products are enhanced with terpenes to recreate the naturally occurring Hemp profile.
Studies indicate that CBD is limited by what researchers call a bell-shaped dose-response curve. That means you can’t get more results or effects by taking more isolate alone.
Isolate does not contain THC and therefore won’t cause any psychoactive side effects. It also does not contain the vital secondary cannabinoids and other naturally occurring hemp compounds needed to activate the entourage effect phenomenon.
What is Full-Spectrum CBD Oil?
Full-Spectrum CBD Oil is CBD that contains the entire naturally occurring chemical profile of CBD Hemp. This includes Cannabinol (CBN), Cannibigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC), as well as THC, terpenes, and flavanoids.
As long as Full-Spectrum CBD Oil contains less than 0.3% THC content it is defined as Hemp and not marijuana. That means it is fully legal in the USA.
Because Full-Spectrum CBD products only contain trace amounts of THC, the psychoactive component in marijuana, it won’t make you feel high or alter your state of mind.
As mentioned, CBD in the presence of a Full-Spectrum of naturally occurring hemp compounds creates a synergistic phenomenon where its beneficial properties are exponentially amplified.
This phenomenon is referred to as “The Entourage Effect” and it could be the difference between finding relief and getting none at all.
What is Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil?
Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil refers to CBD that contains vital secondary cannabinoids and terpenes and, but is completely free from THC.
Removing THC from the equation can be beneficial for people with concerns about drug testing or the potential psychoactive effects of the trace amounts of THC in Full-Spectrum CBD.
THC-free CBD oil is always recommendable for pets such as dogs and cats, as animals may be much more sensitive to the side effects of THC.
MCT Coconut Oil vs. Hemp Oil
To manufacture CBD consumer products, raw hemp extract is typically diluted into a carrier oil to create various potencies and formulations.
The carrier oil makes CBD Oil easier to administer. Also, cannabinoids such as CBD are hydrophobic and need to be combined with other fatty oils for optimal absorption and bioavailability in the body.
MCT-rich Coconut oil and Hemp Oil are generally the most common types of carrier oils used in CBD products.
Coconut oil is naturally high in MCT Oils and is said to provide many potential health benefits including energy boost and healthier blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Hemp Oil comes directly from the Hemp plants and is primarily sourced from hemp seed, which contains an ideal balance between beneficial fatty omega-6 and omega-3 acids.
Omega fatty acids are vital to healthy brain function, normal growth and development, as well as stimulating skin and hair to grow. They are also said to help maintain bone and reproductive health, as well as regulate metabolism.
Cannabinoid Spectrum Summary
To summarize the three types of CBD found in products available on the market here are some key takeaways about their similarities and differences
- Contains 0% THC
- Easy to add to diet and health routine
- No entourage effect
Full-Spectrum CBD Oil
- Contains less than 0.3% THC
- Contains CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, Terpenes
- Contain up to 120+ different Cannabinoids
- Entourage effect activation
Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil
- Contains 0% THC
- Contains CBD + secondary cannabinoids
- Such as CBG, CBN, CBC, Terpenes
- Entourage effect activation
What is the Entourage Effect?
The entourage effect refers to the synergistic relationship that happens between cannabinoids and terpenes from Hemp while in the body.
CBD alone has a limited effect. However, CBD’s powerful benefits are amplified when in the presence of terpenes such as Caryophyllene, Pinene, Linalool, and other Full-Spectrum Hemp compounds.
Although the entourage effect is not fully understood, studies confirm it’s clear that the beneficial properties of terpenes influence how CBD works in the body.
Compared to CBD alone, the effects are exponentially amplified by the synergistic mechanisms at play in the entourage effect.
Researchers are still exploring different terpene and cannabinoid formulations for innovative new ways to unlock CBD’s relieving effects for specific health-related symptoms and conditions.
Shop CBD Oil Products Online
Now that you know more about cannabinoids, terpenes, and Full-Spectrum CBD Oil are you ready to join the millions of others already finding relief?
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